Causes of TMJ Pain

Causes of TMD Pain

An in-depth look at TMD problems and how they are treated.

Causes of TMD Pain

Millions of Americans currently suffer from Temporomandibular Disorder, or TMD, and may not realize it. They experience repeated or chronic headaches, jaw aches, face and neck pain, problems sleeping, even back pain and intestinal problems. They may attribute these to other causes or simply chalk it up to “stress,” when the real story can be considerably more complicated. TMD may involve one, two or several underlying conditions, which in combination add up to one unique case – such as yours.

Some of the signs that point to TMD include:

  • Pain in and around the jaw
  • Frequent or chronic headaches
  • Neck pain
  • Earaches or ringing in the ears
  • Clicking sounds when talking or eating
  • Limited jaw movement
  • Mis-alignment of top and bottom teeth
  • Swelling or muscle spasms in sides of the face

These are the warning signs of TMD, and a thorough diagnosis of all their possible causes is required for successful treatment. Below is a comprehensive list of the causes of TMD pain:

I. Masticatory Muscle Disorders

1. Protective co-contraction
2. Local muscle soreness
3. Myofascial pain
4. Myospasm
5. Centrally mediated myalgia

II. Chronic Mandibular Hypomobility

1. Ankylosis
a. Fibrous
b. Bony
2. Muscle contracture
a. Myostatic
b. Myofibrotic
3. Coronoid impedence

III.Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

1. Derangement of the condyle-disc complex
a. Disc displacements
b. Disc dislocation with reduction
c. Disc dislocation without reduction
2. Structural incompatibility of Articular surfaces
a. Deviation in form
i. Disc
ii. Condyle
iii. Fossa
b. Adhesions
i. Disc to condyle
ii. Disc to fossa
c. Subluxation (hypermobility)
d. Spontaneous dislocation
3. Inflammatory disorders of the TMJ
a. Synovitis/Capsulitis
b. Retrodiscitis
c. Arthritides
i. Osteoarthritis
ii. Osteoarthrosis
iii. Polyarthritides
d. Inflammatory disorders of associated structures
i. Temporalis tendonitis
ii. Stylomandibular ligament inflammation

Dr. Markman specializes in recognizing and treating all these causes of TMD, and is happy to discuss them during your visit. You may contact our staff if you have any questions or concerns, and you may read further about TMD here.

Call (201) 461-1333 to schedule an appointment or click the button below.

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Dr. Stanley Markman
2500 Lemoine Avenue, 2nd Floor,
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
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Fax: 201-461-2622


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I just wanted to say "Thank you" for your professional help with my problems with my teeth. I appreciate all you have done for me....

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Member Academy of General Dentistry Member International Association for the Study of Pain  Fellow American Headache Society  Member American Dental Association Fellow American College of Dentist
Dr. Stanley Markman
2500 Lemoine Avenue, 2nd Floor,
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone: 201-461-1333 Fax: 201-461-2622
Dr. Stanley Markman assists patients in New Jersey, New York & Connecticut within the following areas:
Fort Lee | Bergenfield | Englewood | Teaneck | Cliffside Park | Clifton | Paramus | East Orange | Ridgewood | Wayne | Fairfield | Montclair | Hawthorne | Elizabeth | Union | Hoboken | Newark | Bayonne | Millburn | Madison | Summit | Morristown | New York | Manhattan |Bronx | Brooklyn | Queens | Little Neck | Great Neck | Mineola | Yonkers | New Rochelle | Maomoroneck | Harrison | Valley Stream | Glen Cove | Port chester | White Plains | Scarsdale | Elmsford | Valhalla | Tarrytown | Nyack | Nanuet | Pearl River | Spring Valley | New City | Ramsey | Oakland | Stamford, CT | Farifield, CT | Darien, CT | Bridgeport CT

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